genetically modified

genetically modified
genetically modified adjective
Altered through genetic engineering (abbrev GM)
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Main Entry:genetic

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geˌnetically ˈmodified 7 [genetically modified] adjective (abbr. GM)
(of a plant, etc.) having had its ↑genetic structure changed artificially, so that it will produce more fruit or not be affected by disease

genetically modified foods

(= made from plants that have been changed in this way)
Some companies are working on changing the structure of plants that are grown as food using new technology called biotechnology or genetic engineering. An example is changing the genes of a type of grain so that it will not be destroyed when farmers spray the crop with pesticides (= chemicals for killing insects which eat crops) or herbicides (= chemicals for killing plants). There has been a lot of discussion in the media about GMOs (genetically modified organisms). Some scientists, food companies and governments argue that it can help to feed the world’s growing population, especially in poor countries. Others argue that genetically modified food may be harmful and that GM crops may affect other crops grown nearby. Public opposition has led some supermarkets in Britain not to sell food that contains genetically modified ingredients and EU governments have passed laws about labelling so that consumers can know whether the food they buy contains GM ingredients or not.
Growing food and raising animals
plant trees/seeds/crops/vines/barley
grow/produce corn/wheat/rice/fruit
plough/ (NAmE) plow land/a field
sow/harvest seeds/crops/fields
spread manure/fertilizer on sth
cultivate/irrigate/water/contaminate crops/plants/fields/land
damage/destroy/lose your crop
ripen/pick fruit/berries/grapes
press/dry/ferment grapes
grind/thresh grain/corn/wheat
raise/rear/keep chickens/poultry/cattle/pigs
raise/breed/feed/graze livestock/cattle/sheep
kill/slaughter livestock
preserve/smoke/cure/salt meat
Modern farming
run a fish farm/an organic dairy
engage in/be involved in intensive (pig/fish) farming
use/apply (chemical/organic) fertilizer/insecticides/pesticides
begin/do/conduct field trials of GM (= genetically modified) crops
grow/develop GM crops/seeds/plants/foods
fund/invest in genetic engineering/research
improve/increase crop yields
face/suffer from/alleviate food shortages
label food that contains GMOs (= genetically modified organisms)
eliminate/reduce farm subsidies
oppose/be against factory farming/GM food
promote/encourage/support organic/sustainable farming

Useful english dictionary. 2012.

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • genetically-modified — geˌnetically ˈmodified abbreviation GM adjective FARMING genetically modified foods and plants have had their Genetic (= the materials that control the development of particular qualities) structure changed so that they are not affected by… …   Financial and business terms

  • genetically modified — UK US adjective PRODUCTION ► GM(Cf. ↑GM) …   Financial and business terms

  • genetically modified — ► ADJECTIVE ▪ (of an organism) containing genetic material that has been artificially altered so as to produce a desired characteristic …   English terms dictionary

  • genetically modified — ADJ: usu ADJ n Genetically modified plants and animals have had one or more genes changed, for example so that they resist pests and diseases better. Genetically modified food contains ingredients made from genetically modified plants or animals …   English dictionary

  • genetically modified — ge.netically modified adj also ge.netically engin eered GM genetically modified foods or plants have had their genetic structure changed so that they are not affected by particular diseases or harmful insects …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • genetically modified — adj. Genetically modified is used with these nouns: ↑corn, ↑crop, ↑food, ↑ingredient …   Collocations dictionary

  • genetically modified — ge|net|i|cal|ly mod|i|fied [ dʒə,netıkli madı,faıd ] adjective a genetically modified substance or crop has had its genetic structure changed in order to make it more suited to a particular purpose …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • genetically modified — UK [dʒəˌnetɪklɪ ˈmɒdɪfaɪd] / US [dʒəˌnetɪklɪ ˈmɑdɪˌfaɪd] adjective a genetically modified plant or animal has had its genetic structure changed in order to make it more suitable for a particular purpose …   English dictionary

  • Genetically modified food — Genetically modified foods (GM foods or GMO foods) are foods derived from genetically modified organisms (GMOs). Genetically modified organisms have had specific changes introduced into their DNA by genetic engineering techniques. These… …   Wikipedia

  • Genetically modified plant — Genetically modified plants are genetically engineered to contain one or more genes of another species. The aim is to introduce a new trait to the plant species which does not occur naturally in this species, for example resistance to certain… …   Wikipedia

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