- genetically modified
- genetically modified adjectiveAltered through genetic engineering (abbrev GM)• • •Main Entry: ↑genetic
* * *geˌnetically ˈmodified 7 [genetically modified] adjective (abbr. GM)(of a plant, etc.) having had its ↑genetic structure changed artificially, so that it will produce more fruit or not be affected by disease
genetically modified foods(= made from plants that have been changed in this way)Culture:Some companies are working on changing the structure of plants that are grown as food using new technology called biotechnology or genetic engineering. An example is changing the genes of a type of grain so that it will not be destroyed when farmers spray the crop with pesticides (= chemicals for killing insects which eat crops) or herbicides (= chemicals for killing plants). There has been a lot of discussion in the media about GMOs (genetically modified organisms). Some scientists, food companies and governments argue that it can help to feed the world’s growing population, especially in poor countries. Others argue that genetically modified food may be harmful and that GM crops may affect other crops grown nearby. Public opposition has led some supermarkets in Britain not to sell food that contains genetically modified ingredients and EU governments have passed laws about labelling so that consumers can know whether the food they buy contains GM ingredients or not.Collocations:Growing food and raising animalsplant trees/seeds/crops/vines/barleygrow/produce corn/wheat/rice/fruitsow/harvest seeds/crops/fieldsspread manure/fertilizer on sthcultivate/irrigate/water/contaminate crops/plants/fields/landdamage/destroy/lose your cropripen/pick fruit/berries/grapespress/dry/ferment grapesgrind/thresh grain/corn/wheatraise/rear/keep chickens/poultry/cattle/pigsraise/breed/feed/graze livestock/cattle/sheepkill/slaughter livestockpreserve/smoke/cure/salt meatModern farmingrun a fish farm/an organic dairyengage in/be involved in intensive (pig/fish) farminguse/apply (chemical/organic) fertilizer/insecticides/pesticidesbegin/do/conduct field trials of GM (= genetically modified) cropsgrow/develop GM crops/seeds/plants/foodsfund/invest in genetic engineering/researchimprove/increase crop yieldsface/suffer from/alleviate food shortageslabel food that contains GMOs (= genetically modified organisms)eliminate/reduce farm subsidiesoppose/be against factory farming/GM foodpromote/encourage/support organic/sustainable farming
Useful english dictionary. 2012.